To boost system performance, a specific kind of memory known as cache is utilized to save information that is regularly used. This type of memory is typically swifter than the primary memory of a computer.
A range of caching systems can be identified, each with their own set of pros and cons; these include instruction cache, data cache, and unified cache.
Utilizing an instruction cache for frequently accessed instructions can offer great capability to a system as it lowers the demand for memory accesses. Yet, while this can bring about improved performance, it also adds sophistication and lowers adaptability.
Data cache has been used to provide a speed boost for systems by decreasing the amount of time spent trying to locate frequently accessed data. While this can be incredibly beneficial, it can also add additional complexity into an already intricate setup.
Unified cache provides a solution for systems striving to increase their performance by minimizing memory accesses. Although these caches can be beneficial, they also complicate the system’s structure to a degree.